Canada’s immigration backlog has grown beyond 2.1 million across all lines of business as of April 29, according to the latest Canadian government data obtained via email by CIC News.
Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)’s backlog has progressed as follows since last summer:
- April 30-May 2, 2022: 2,130,385 persons
- April 11-12, 2022: 2,031,589 persons
- March 15 and 17, 2022: 1,844,424 persons
- February 1, 2022: 1,815,628 persons
- December 15, 2021: 1,813,144 persons
- October 27, 2021: 1,792,404 persons
- July 6, 2021: 1,447,474 persons
The number of persons in IRCC’s inventory has grown by 98,796 in the 18 days between April 11 and April 29. This increase is largely driven by the temporary residence inventory. Over this same period, the permanent residence backlog increased by 638 persons. Between April 12 and May 2, IRCC reduced its citizenship backlog by 258 people.
IRCC Backlog: April 11 – May 2
|Line of Business||Persons as of Apr. 11- Apr. 12||Persons as of Apr. 30 – May 2|
The evolution of the backlog since the start of the pandemic
The following table displays IRCC’s inventory growth since the start of the pandemic. CIC News has submitted a data request to IRCC on Canada’s temporary residence inventory as of April 2020. The table shows that over the past two years, the permanent residence inventory has grown from 410,000 people to 530,000 people. The temporary residence inventory has doubled since last April. The citizenship inventory has grown from 240,000 people to 400,000 people. IRCC has struggled to manage its inventory during the pandemic, for a variety of reasons, such as the social distancing and travel restrictions put in place at the start of the pandemic.
Backlog in persons by IRCC line of business
|Line of Business||Apr. 2020||Apr. 2021||Apr./May 2022|
Improvements in Express Entry as all-program draws resume in early July
Despite the slight overall increase in the permanent residence inventory, IRCC has reduced its Express Entry backlog by 4,292 persons since mid-April.
|Express Entry Program||Persons as of April 11||Persons as of April 29|
|Canadian Experience Class||8,363||7,522|
|Federal Skilled Worker Program||36,281||32,883|
|Federal Skilled Trades Program||537||484|
The reduction in the Express Entry backlog will allow IRCC to resume all-program draws in early July. Candidates from the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) have not been invited to apply for immigration since December 2020. Before the pandemic, the FSWP was the main Express Entry pathway. Canadian Experience Class (CEC) candidates who have not been drawn since September 2021 are also set to receive Invitations to Apply (ITAs) again.
IRCC had been holding off on inviting these candidates, as the backlog had driven up processing times in excess of the six-month standard for Express Entry-managed programs. Starting in July, the vast majority of new Express Entry applications will be processed within the six-month service standard, according to IRCC.
Improvements to the permanent residence inventory were offset by gains among other immigration categories, such as the Temporary Residents to Permanent Residence (TR2PR) Program that briefly existed in 2021. Meanwhile, there were slight increases across the board for Canada’s Family Class, Humanitarian and Compassionate, and Protected Persons permanent residence categories.
The backlog increased across all temporary residence categories between April 11 and April 29.
IRCC had previously said in an email to CIC News the inventory for temporary resident visas and work permits has increased with the introduction of the Canada-Ukraine Authorization for Emergency Travel (CUAET). The CUAET is a program that allows IRCC to bring Ukrainians to Canada by leveraging existing temporary resident visa processes. The CUAET is not a refugee stream.
As of May 6, IRCC has received 204,227 CUAET applications and approved 91,482. Between January 1 and May 1, a total of 24,645 Ukrainians have arrived in Canada, according to the IRCC website.
Temporary residence inventory: April 11 – 29
|Application type||Persons as of April 11||Persons as of April 29|
|Study Permit Extensions||34,242||36,310|
|Temporary Resident Visas||558,498||621,451|
|Work Permit Extensions||141,244||144,842|
The Canadian government recognizes the challenges IRCC’s growing inventory has caused over the past two years. In late January, Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced a host of measures aimed at tackling the backlog, including adopting new technology and hiring more processing staff.
Last Thursday, the Canadian Parliament’s Committee on Citizenship and Immigration (CIMM) began a study evaluating IRCC’s backlogs that will culminate in a written report available to the public containing recommendations on how to improve IRCC’s application processing.
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